James telling Angie that
is the main key
to not missing a take. If you take
your eye off the dry fly for just a
second, you may miss a fish.
The higher you stand, the easier
it is for the trout to spot you. Stay
as low as you can to get close to
the fish.
Presentation: (How to present your fly to the trout)
.............................Fly Fishing Yellowstone National Park
Rewards for making a good presentation don't
come easy. This rainbow came from the Firehole
River where the trout can see the eyes of your fly.
Make a poor presentation in the Firehole and most
likely you will just be fishing for the fun of casting.
Small streams are fun to fish
and do not require a lot of effort
to fish. Short upstream cast are
all you need in most situations.
Just like it is anywhere you are fly-fishing,
presentation is usually extremely  important.
Getting a drag free drift is not easy in many
situations when you are fishing pocket water.
Conflicting currents, or currents that flow in
different directions and at different velocities,
are commonplace.
There are two basic things you can do to deal
with drag. One is to keep your fly line out of the
water as much as possible. The more fly line
you have in the water, the more drag you will
have and the more likely it is that your fly will
second thing is to learn to mend your line
Most of the cast you will need to
make will be most effective if you
cast in an upstream direction.
Sometimes, however, will you
need to make a downstream
presentation. You should try to
avoid making across stream
presentations where conflicting
currents exist whenever it is
possible or unnecessary to do
so. Short up and across or
better, slightly up and across,
short cast are preferred in most
Casting Distance:
As we said in the casting
section, long cast are rarely
necessary. Most cast should
probably be in the range of 15 to
30 feet or less.
Positioning Yourself for
the Cast:
First and foremost, position
yourself such that it is possible
to make some type of cast
without hanging grass, a tree
limb or bush. Alway check
behind you to make sure you
can make your back cast.
The best thing you can do to
avoid drag is to position yourself
in the best possible position for
the cast. In other words, don't
cast across conflicting currents
unless you have to. If you are
fishing from the bank, there is
not much you can do except
move up or down the stream to
help improve the situation. If you
are wading you can move
anywhere in the stream that the
depth and obstacles allow you to
move in order to get into a better
position. You just need to make
certain that you do so without
spooking the trout.
Casting to Individual
Rising Fish:
If you see a trout rising
occasionally or steadily, first get
into the best possible position to
cast to it without spooking it.
Your first cast should a few feet
above and land between you
and the fish, not past the fish. If
you cast on top of it or too close
to it you may spook it. If you cast
beyond the fish you may spook it
with you fly line, leader or fly not
drifting drag free. Being short is
much better. Make each
sequential cast slightly farther
until your fly is directly upstream
of the fish and drifting drag free.
If you carefully time the rises of
the fish, using a counting
method of 1001, 1002, etc., you
can tell approximately when the
fish will rise. By observing how
long it takes you fly to reach the
fish and timing you cast, you can
get the fly near the fish when it is
rising to eat insects. This will
increase your odds of getting a
Casting to Likely Feeding
(Check back-Coming Soon)
Casting to Likely Holding
(Check back-Coming Soon)

Copyright 2007 James Marsh
Click on thumbnails below:
Downstream presentations are often necessary
when you are fishing smooth, slick water such as
found in many areas of the Madison River. In this
scene, James is fishing a soft hackle fly.
fish is small or large, isn't always
easy to do.
Casting to individual fish
requires a different presentation.
You can barely spot James in this image. The
Madison River is a large stream that requires
many different types of presentations depending
on a lot of factors involved.