Casting (Getting the fly to the trout in the Park's Streams)
.............................             .Fly Fishing Yellowstone National Park
If you fish the entire season and most of the streams in Yellowstone, you will find that
it may require just about every type of cast that is possible to make. Its wide variety  
includes about every type of water that exist. It would take hundreds of pages to cover
how you should make all of these different types of cast. Books have been written on
that subject.
We will try to give you an idea of what you should be prepared for depending on the
type of fishing you intend to do.

Casting in Small Fast Water Streams:
When you are fishing the small fast, water streams of Yellowstone, you will find that
creative casting is a big key to presenting your fly in many situation. Most of your cast  
that are made in these streams (those less than thirty feet wide, for example) should
be between 15 to 20 feet. In certain streams under certain conditions, you may need
to make a 30 or 40 foot cast, but for the most part, short up or up and across cast work
best for the many small, pocket water streams. Now that certainly does not mean that
you will not ever need to cast downstream. There are times and places that you will
need to do just that.  
Almost everything taught in fly casting has to do with straighting your line and leader
out. After all, you can't make a very long cast if you don't straighten the line out. When
you straighten your line and it lands in moving water, you get INSTANT DRAG. That is
where creative cast or cast that allow slack line comes into play. You should be able
to make controlled pile cast, curve cast, and reach cast. Many of the cast you will need
to make in the small streams only require a simple roll cast. They are especially
helpful where there are background obstructions.

Casting in Small Slow Water Streams:
The numerous small, slow water streams of Yellowstone generally require even more
precise, well made cast compared to the small fast water streams. The trout in these
types of streams have a much better opportunity to closely examine your fly than they
do in the fast rough water. Again, it is usually necessary to make cast that allow slack
line in order to get a drag free drift. The slow moving currents can be deceptive in
some of these streams. Grass and other underwater structure can cause the currents
to criss-cross or vary back and forth in a wave pattern even though the surface
appears to be slick. A tight line will start dragging the fly in this type of current. Again,
knowing how to make the pile, curve and reach cast is helpful if not just downright
Long cast are rarely needed even in the slick slow moving water. Most of the time that
only creates more problems in controlling drag and spooking fish. Shorter, delicate
cast are usually required.

Casting in Larger Rough Water Streams:
Large rough water streams such as the Madison, Grand and the Black Canyons of the
Yellowstone River require a careful approach and various types of cast. Even the
medium sized rivers such as the Gallatin and the Lower Gardner River, for example,
can require various types of cast that must fit the particular situations you may
(Under Construction-Please Check Back)

Casting in Larger Smooth Water Streams:
Large smooth water streams such as the Yellowstone, Lamar, Lewis, parts of the
Gibbon and Snake Rivers, for example, are generally more difficult to fish than most
other types of water.
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Handling the Wind:
It is a rare afternoon in Yellowstone that the wind isn't blowing.  
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Spey Casting:
Spey Casting is becoming more and more popular in Yellowstone waters, especially
during the fall brown trout spawning migration. We have noticed several anglers using
the Spey Rods at the Barns Hole on the Madison, for example. It allows one to reach
some water that would otherwise be very difficult if not impossible to reach.
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Copyright 2008 James Marsh
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