.......................  ......Fly Fishing Yellowstone National Park

Fishing Cold Water - Part Six
Many places in the streams Yellowstone Country and Yellowstone National Park
cannot be fished using the short line or "high stickin" technique. Some areas are
not easy to get close to by wading or from the bank, and require a longer cast.
Some are too wide to reach with the Czeck method or "high stickin" method of
nymph fishing. In those situations you must make a longer cast and get your fly
down deep and quickly, yet be able to detect a strike.

One of the best ways to do that is to cast up and across and start mending your
line as soon as the fly hits the water. Use a larger size strike indicator placed
above the fly a few feet depending on the depth your fly needs to get down to
reach the bottom.  You want to throw a large loop or coil of fly line upstream
from your fly. You must do this without it affecting the fly falling or sinking. To do
this, pick up the fly line with tip of the fly rod and then throw a loop or coil of line
upstream of the fly. You form the loop or coil of line by making a quick curve of
the rod tip in an upstream direction. It usually takes two or sometimes even
three mends to get all of your fly line upstream of the fly. You want the trout to
see the fly before they can spot the strike indicator.

This take a fairly long cast that lands the fly well above or upstream of where
your think the fish may be holding. You also want the fly to sink to the right
depth before getting to the fish and before the strike indicator comes into view.
This is fairly easy to do from a drift boat but not so easy when you are wading or
from the bank. The fly needs to be weighted  heavily using split shot placed a
few inches above the fly. Make sure it's non-toxic weight if your fishing inside the

This type of nymph fishing takes a fairly stiff rod or at least one with a slightly
stiff tip. A fast to medium fast action, five or six weight rod works well for this.
You may need to make several cast to cover all the possible places a trout
could be holding in the deep water before changing your position.

This method works best when you are fishing a long run or deep riffle that is too
wide to reach using the short-line method. It also works well in higher water that
isn't safe to wade. Remember, you are facing an additional safety factor anytime
you are wading cold water. If you slip and fall in, you could be in a situation that
is seriously dangerous.

Most of you are probably familiar but I have found that often, people who have
heard of and even used the word "hypothermia" really don't  understand much
about how it affects your body and how dangerous it really is.

Hypothermia can kill you just as well as drowning can take your life. I learned in
annual National Coast Guard and Marine Police safety meetings that I attended
for a few years (representing a boat manufacturer) that many people who are
reported to have drowned, actually died from hypothermia. You don't want to fall
into water that is very cold.

To make it simple, very high body temperatures are dangerous and so are very
low body temperatures. After going through a period of uncontrollable shakes
that at one time or another most of us have experienced, one goes into a state
of mind where they actually feel warm even though they are freezing to death.
The results of that stage of hypothermia is usually death. Keep your wading belt
tight around your waist and don't fall in cold water.

Copyright 2011 James Marsh